Anaconda - the largest of the snakes

Anaconda, like a normal boa is a representative of the boa subfamily. It has a massive body and with its powerful contractions kills its prey. After eating a large animal, anaconda is able to live for a long time. Anaconda lives in tropical South America and the island of Trinidad. Anaconda is the heaviest snake and it's easier for it to mov

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Anaconda, like a normal boa is a representative of the boa subfamily. It has a massive body and with its powerful contractions kills its prey. After eating a large animal, anaconda is able to live for a long time. Anaconda lives in tropical South America and the island of Trinidad. Anaconda is the heaviest snake and it's easier for it to move in water than on the ground. The length of adult anaconda is 5-6 meters, however, there are individuals of 10 meters length. Anaconda has a protective coloring, it makes the snake invisible in the dense thickets of the forest.







Anaconda nostrils are at the end of the snout, like a crocodile has. They are closed tightly when the anaconda is under water.

It lives in the tropical jungles of the Amazon. Adorable places are rivers, swamps, lakes, as it feels better under water than on land. It is heavy and clumsy on the land and elegant in the water. It can be under water for 10 minutes, and hunts in shallow. It hunts mostly at night and during the day it has a rest near the shore in water or hanging on a tree. It moves from place to place with the help of the watercourse, only the head is visible on the water. Anaconda is saved from the enemies on the trees, because moves well on them. Jaguar is anaconda's foe.

Anaconda has food by hunting pigs, deer, rodents, including hunting on pets which come close to the water. The snake attacks the animal that is close to water, grabs its limb and drags in the water. Anaconda drowns animal or chokes in the squeezes of its own body. Snake swallows the whole prey and it may not hunt for several weeks.

Anaconda has a solitary lifestyle. Females with the come of rainy season start to allocate biologically active substances - pheromones. Males can smell females signals from quite a distance. Sensing a female, they immediately start to look for it. During the prelude to pairing, the male presses his body to the body of the female, twists around and puts his head on her neck. A couple of reduced legs of the male are active, which he inherited from ancestors. These processes stimulate the female: male touches the region of its cloaca wth their help and causes the female to mate. Most snakes are oviparous, however, anacondas give birth to live young. The female gives birth to 22-42 youngs. Newborn anacondas reach 50-80 cm in length and are miniature copies of their parents. The mother doesn't take care of the offspring. A few hours after the birth their hunting instinct wakes up and they begin an independent life.

The biggest danger for the anaconda are poachers, hunting for its skin, and lumbermen which systematically destroy its habitat - tropical forests. Today, anacondas don’t live for a long time and do not have time to grow to record sizes.