Basics of puppy's education. First commands

A small fluffy ball of happiness and devotion appeared in your house - a puppy.Where do we start communicating with this little creature?How to provide your puppy happy childhood and at the same time lay the foundation, which in future will help to raise an obedient and adequate dog? The breed of your puppy does not matter: To

A small fluffy ball of happiness and devotion appeared in your house - a puppy.Where do we start communicating with this little creature?How to provide your puppy happy childhood and at the same time lay the foundation, which in future will help to raise an obedient and adequate dog?

The breed of your puppy does not matter: Toy terrier, Neapolitan Mastiff or Bull terrier; any dog needs training.It may seem that training Chihuahuas is a waste of time, but there are a lot of unexpected events in life, starting with the car, suddenly taking off from the corner of the house, ending with a delicious piece of poison, lying in the grass.At such moments, you usually start to lament yourself that you did not teach the dog such commands as "Come!" and "You must not!".

You should understand that knowing elementary commands is not only the guarantee of happy relationship with your pet, but also a necessary condition to ensure the safety of the latter.

Where do you start?

First, start with yourself.The first rule of success is patience.If you teach a 2-month-old puppy the first command, and it cannot remember them for a long time, do not blame him for it in any case, and do not be angry!Do not be upset and fix in your mind the idea that the puppy is stupid and will never learn anything.

Puppies develop in different ways: someone remembers all for a couple of days, for someone it takes a week to develop the same command.Remember, to 3-4 months puppies should be brought only by the "encouragement" method.An exception is the command "You must not": here, if the puppy turned out to be obstinate, and the treat did not help, but more on that later.

Therefore, we begin to teach it commands

The first thing the puppy should learn is his name.Everything is simple: call him by name, and as soon as he turned his attention to you, give snacks.Memorization with this approach will take a couple of days, no more.

The second most important command, which he should start learning from the very first days in your home is "Come!".Draw his attention, calling him by name, tease with a toy, if necessary, at a time when the pet happily runs in your favor, repeat a couple of times a clear, bright and happy To me, Clever! Follow the tone of voice when praising your dog; it must be enthusiastic and sincere.When the puppy ran to you, give a treat.Several such exercises and kid will fly to you, sweeping away everything in his path and throwing all his affairs, as he heard the sacred words.Remember, the command Come is the command of dogs trust to you; it must be associated with joy.If you ever call the puppy or an adult dog and scold him for something, you have every chance of losing his trust: the dog will no longer be for you at a command and you will have to restore contact with the pet for a very long time, if that ever happens.

Command Sit! Puppies constantly follow these orders independently, without being aware of it.Your task is to mark the correct position of the desired word and treat.You stand over the puppy, holding a treat in your hands, the puppy jumps, spins at your feet, but eventually sits and waits when you stop teasing his sensitive nose.At this point, you clearly say Sit! give a treat and praise.At the same time, it can be accompanied by a gesture, for example, to keep a raised index finger vertically up: gestures help many dogs to avoid confusion in commands.For example, you want the puppy to sit quietly and wait for the food; for this, puppy should already know the command Sit! Keep a bowl of food, say Sit once, do not repeat many times, shouting or kicking its bud.Wait until the puppy calms down and sits meekly.Once the desired effect has happened, repeat, Sit, good boy!and put the bowl.Later, you can work on the extract: puppy sits in front of the bowl and is waiting, begins to eat only when you say Eat!.

Command "Down!".It is a little more complicated, but it is better to train more often and achieve unconditional execution of the command by the positive consolidation than to beat the dog between the shoulder blades as taught in the courses for dog handlers.Do not rush to use force in dealing with the dog, the more with a puppy.So, in order to the puppy understand, what do you want from him, sit him in front of him and, holding a treat in your hand, slowly lower your hand to the floor.The puppy should reach for treat and lie down, at this point, say the cherished Down, good boy! First, you can repeat a couple of times a clear and joyful Down, good boy!, when you feel the puppy remembered the command, we repeat only once.Similarly, in teaching all commands: memorizing - repeat the command several times, when the command is studied - only once.If the puppy is at loss and cannot remember, help with a gesture or fix your hand: Sit! - a raised index finger, Down!- original position is a palm parallel to the floor about chest level and slowly omit it, Stand! - the palm is parallel to the ground at waist level and slowly raise it.As for the Down! command: some puppies are reluctant to lie down and try to get out, poke the palm with his paw, etc., be patient, the puppy enumerates all the options and eventually will lie down.Then, memorizing this command will go easier and faster with the right positive consolidation.

Teaching Stay put! command you first need to put the puppy, praise for it, and then lift the hand under his belly, say Stay put! and give a treat.To the puppy did not sit down and did not change the situation, the first time, do not remove the hand and stroke on the belly, repeating what he had done, repeating the command and encouraging delicacy.

Finally, the command You must not! The most important command, which each dog must necessarily know.For a very small puppy at the age of 1-2 months, roughly and harshly said You must not! will have to understand that his actions are undesirable.However growing up, puppies begin to check the owners, as if asking, "I must not, really? If I try again? .Assertive depends on the breed: for one puppy, it is enough a harsh word, the other does not respond even to slap of a newspaper.From the newspaper slap, the puppy will not suffer, but more gets scared of the sound, so this method is very common.Also they often use a thin twig, this method is good that with proper use, puppy does not even realize that it was you who punished him, but it note that for nibbling chair legs from somewhere flies an invisible punishment.However, be careful, the owners of male dogs: do not miss past the dogs rump!Finally, if the puppy has much played out, tearing and throwing, biting and chewing everything, including the owners arms and legs, lay the puppy on his side, lock so that it was not possible to raise the head or bite near the underlying items and strictly say Punished! For most dogs, lack of ability to move freely is a severe punishment.Wait for the puppy to calm down, stop to break out, snapping, begin to breathe calmly and steadily - let him go with the words Freedom.You can put your puppy not on his side, but on the back - in this case, you can meet even more resistance.Your movements and words must be firm, confident and calm, try not to be angry: the more nervous you are, the more nervous and resistant the dog is.This rule will affect your whole life together.

These commands are the basics of education; they should be learnt from the first day of puppys life in your home.In this case, further training, which begins on the street, where a lot of distractions will prevent your puppy to focus and hear you, will be much easier for you and for your puppy.

At the end of this article, I want to say that puppies are active beings, but quickly are tired: so it is easier to take time your favorite pet, to repeat the command, play, exhaust him than to punish the puppy all day long for that he climbs into the trash or he is trying to steal your shoes.The more time you spend together, the less is the puppys desire to chew wires or climb over the sofa, the more he becomes attached to you, and the better will be relations between you in the future. Be fair to your pet and remember that you are a whole life for the dog, and how it will live it, it is up to you.