Dog training is not to teach the animal to walk on its hind legs, jump into a hoop of fire or dance waltz. Training is, above all, the development of basic skills - endurance and obedience. Without this, communicating with a dog can cause many serious problems.
There is an opinion among new breeders that if they get a purebred puppy, and even from elite parents medalists, champions, then it is unnecessary to train a dog. It grows obedient, all knowing and able, in short, a "smart dog". Like all these qualities have already been laid in the genes and inherited.
Alas, this is not true. On the contrary, mestizo or mongrels often are teachable and obedient, "grasp" faster than their purebred counterparts, which are often capricious and, as they say, "canny". Of course, this is not a rule, but there are some cases. Therefore, it is necessary to bring any dog, regardless of its pedigree.
Training begins almost as soon as the dog is in your home. This is accustoming to a nickname, to bowl, to the bedding, and avoiding harmful habits - lying on the couch, grabbing the table, begging, etc. The dog gets used to its nickname pretty quickly if you call to feed it, invite to the game, are calling for a walk. On the other hand, just during intercourse, stroking the animal, call it by name. There should be one nickname for a dog, and one that you and your family is the easiest to pronounce. In the pedigree, the nickname may be written as the Lord Dorian Benjamin-Taylor, but at home, you call your pet just Ben or Dor. The main thing is all members of the family call the pet the same way.
Struggle with its bad habits from the first day and do not give a conniving. Maybe you want to lie on the couch (or even in bed) with a small puppy, but when the St. Bernard or Newfoundland become adults, it will not be easy to banish him from the sofa. The whole family sits at the table, well, they do not regret the unfortunate little dog that is mesmerizing a piece of sausage. If you give only one piece, the dog will demand the second one.
One housewife says, almost with a laugh:
- Imagine, I took a chicken to defrost, and my Ben pulled it and ate a half!
- Well, did you punish it though?
- Of course, not! It is very small!
Of course, you cannot beat small ones hardly. There must be a punishment, at least a small slap. Also, strict shout and deprivation for some time games, fun and affection. If you leniently forgive, and even chuckle: "Oh, you're my Bennie" - such things are repeated, and it is difficult to wean them from that.
It is better to train on the training field under the guidance of the instructor. You can teach him the basic commands. Basic commands are "Heel!", "Come!", "Off!", "Down!", "Sit!", and "Stay put!".
On the command "Heel!", the dog must go on the left of the owner, the front legs are at the level of the owner's feet. The dog is being taught on a short leash, repeating the command "Heel!" If the dog is behind or pulls forward, or steps aside, you must pull the leash to yourself, repeating "Heel!". When the dog follows the order, you can give the piece of treat (cheese, dried or special treats that are sold in pet stores) and encouraging with the voice: "Heel, good!". The leash is gradually loosen, and then unfasten it at all. A trained dog must follow the order "Heel!" without a leash and does not step aside. When stopped, on the command "Heel!", the dog must sit at the master's left foot. If the master goes away, and does not command "Heel!", the dog must remain sitting still.
"Come!" is the most important command. The dog must approach the owner on the right, go round him from the back, and sit at the left foot. When the dog walks calmly, choose the time and get its attention, and then lure with a piece of goodies, making sure the dog comes to you, say "Come!". Catching the collar, circle the dog around your back, give a treat and praise: "Good boy, come!". Then let it walk. After the command "Come!", never take away the dog straight to home from a walk. Do not say this command when you see the dog is interested in something and does not come to you. In any case, do not punish your dog after calling up the command "Come!". It happens when your pet spoils something: ate something, chased the cat or molested by a strange dog. Do not pronounce the command "Come!", it is better to catch or throw a lump of land in it. If you gave the command "Come!" and punished it - the dog would not understand that it was punished for the offense, it would associate the punishment with a "Come!" command.
At "Off!" command, the dog must refuse the feed or stop forbidden action. Prohibiting command is accompanied by a sharp jerk of the leash. Give the treat to the dog a treat with a stretched hand. While the dog reached, you do not give it and strictly say "Off!". Put the treat in your pocket, then take another and give, accompanying the team: "You may, good boy!".
Hold a treat in front of the dog's nose and drop on the ground. The dog stretches to pick - again, with a sharp jerk of the leash do not give a piece to pick up, "Off!". Take a piece from another pocket and or treat the dog: "You may, good boy!". Fallen piece trample into the ground, the dog should not pick it up. "Off!" is a taboo.
It is easy to teach the dog to stand, sit and lie down on command. Dogs often sit or lie down on their own. When the dog sits, say the command "Sit!", stroke it and praise. The same when the dog lies, repeat "Lie!" and praise it. From a standing position, push the dog, until it sits down. Give the command "Sit!" and give a treat. From a sitting position, holding the croup, pull down the collar and make the dog to lay down, saying the command "Down!". Praise it, and then give a treat. From a sitting or lying position, insert your hand under the dog's belly and make it stand up, repeating the command "Stand!".
"Place!" command is taught as follows. The place is designated with a leash, a small rug or other object. The dog is given the command "Down!" and the animal is placed so that the front legs touch the subject. Patting it with a hand, attract the dog's attention, repeating "Place!" several times. Stand facing the dog one-step away from it and give the command "Come!". When the dog came and sat at the left leg, give the command "Place!". At the same time, move the right foot closer to the object, designating the place, but do not take the left foot away off the ground. With a right hand on the collar, make the dog to move to the subject, turn around and lie down with a muzzle to you, and forepaws near the subject. This work is called "a half-step". The command "Place!" is repeated several times. If the order is followed, the animal is given a treat.
The greatest difficulty in teaching commands is working out endurance. After each command, the dog should not change its position or move up to the next command. Therefore, in the process of learning, make long pauses between the commands, and if the dog changed the posture, moved or crawled to the side, it is necessary to return it to its original position, thus repeating the command.
With self-training, it is better to work no more than three commands every day, with the duration of the "lessons" to 15 minutes. During the walk, you can hold 3-4 lessons, alternating five-minute "breaks". After working the "lesson", let the pet to run, pronouncing all dogs' favorite command "Walk!".